How To Make Soap
How to make soap will show you what you need to know to make a basic soap for everyday use…
The recipes that I am giving you will have a 6% Super-fat built in to prevent excess lye. I often use a higher Super-fat when making soap, it depends on what it will be used for. If you would like more information about Super Fatting Soap click here!
When you become more experienced at soap making you can try increasing the Super-fat to see what it can do for your soap.
30 Ways Of Homesteading
Welcome to How To Make Soap part of the 30 Ways Of Homesteading in April 2015, scroll to the bottom of this post after you read How To Make Soap, for the other bloggers who are sharing ways to homestead in 30 Ways Of Homesteading…
When making soap safety should be your first consideration… Never make soap when you have children, pets or spouses in the area. Many soap makers who do not have a studio or separate room to make soap in, will make soap when their families are sleeping… or away for the day.
When children, pets or spouses are in the area they can get under your feet or in the way so quickly many accidents could be prevented just be only making soap when they are not around… Also never leave toxic ingredients where family members might mistake it for something edible, or drinkable.
Now for your personal safety, when making soap ALWAYS wear protective clothing, long pants, long sleeve shirt, closed toe shoes and socks, rubber gloves, vapor mask, goggles & plastic apron. The plastic apron is optional, but it would keep spills off most of your clothes.
Open windows and use exhaust fans to vent the area you are working in… If you do not have pet outside you can also mix lye with water outdoors and let it stay outside till you are ready to make soap, it will help with keeping some fumes out of your house, but still open and vent the area you will be working in.
You will also need to have some regular vinegar handy in case of spills,,, vinegar neutralizes caustic lye.
******To prevent chemical damage to the eye, wear protective goggles whenever working with chemicals******
If you get lye water or soap batter on you or in your eyes flush with water, if on your skin splash vinegar… If you get it in your eyes you should flush eyes with water and seek medical attention… Read More Here.
What You Will Need
Palm, Shea Butter, Cocoa Butter, Lard, or Tallow – Choose one
Petroleum Jelly – to butter the mold
Lye – Sodium Hydroxide
Scale – postal scale works best
Stainless Steel Pot – for melting oils and fats
Plastic 5, 3 or 2-gallon bucket with lid
Bowl – for weighing the lye
Glass Measuring Cup 16oz
Heat Resistant Spatula
Spoon – for transferring ingredients
Soap Mold – I like to use Rubbermaid containers they are hard enough that they do not melt, thinner plastics could melt.
Plastic Wrap or Freezer Paper – to line the mold
Immersion Blender – this is a time, saver… If you don’t have one you can stir your soap batter but it will take a long time.
Your Empty Oven – to keep the soap warm, and store it until it is ready to un-mold
A lye calculator is a fancy piece of software that helps to determine how much lye you will need for your recipe… The one I started with and still use occasionally is here!
When making soap you should always use a lye calculator to check your numbers… I would never use a recipe that has not been ran through a lye calculator… You will be making sure that the lye is in the right balance with your oils and fats…
With that said lye calculators vary in their numbers… For years I used the one above and then one day decided to try a paid program and my numbers were not exactly the same… I like the paid version numbers better, it uses less lye than the old one… The recipes below were created using Soapmaker program…
Each of these will be slightly different but will have basically the some properties… Choose one…
10-oz Distilled Water
5-oz Shea Butter
10-oz Distilled Water
5-oz Cocoa Butter
10-oz Distilled Water
10-oz Distilled Water
10-oz Distilled Water
For 3 Additional Recipes Click Here Then Scroll
With all the above in place, your safety gear on you are ready to begin. (read through several times before you begin making soap)
1. Take your mold and butter it with petroleum jelly, then line it with a layer of plastic wrap or freezer paper, set aside.
2. Weigh distilled water in a glass measuring cup, pour into the plastic bucket, cover with lid, set outside or inside of the sink.
3. Weigh lye into a bowl, then either take it outside and pour into the bucket with distilled water or the bucket in the sink… Slowly and carefully mix the lye and water. Cover with the lid as soon as possible.
4. Weigh oils and fats one by one into the stainless steel pan, zeroing out the scale after each addition
5. Put the measure oils in the pot on the stove to melt, set temp to low.
6. When the oils are melted, either bring your bucket inside, if already inside just add the melted oils to the lye water, scrap the sides of the pan to get as much of the melted oils into your plastic bucket as you can in the least amount of time.
7. Get your immersion blender and set it to low,,, slowly and carefully start mixing your lye water and fats,,, after you have thoroughly mixed them increase the speed on your blender… then begin blending 5 minutes on and 5 minutes off until you reach a stage where your soap batter is thick enough to leave markings on the surface,,, this is commonly called trace… Once you have reached trace you are ready pour your soap into your mold…
8. Once your soap is in the mold,,, scrape as much of the soap out of your container as possible without taking to much time.
9. The put the molded soap in the oven with the heat off, never turn the oven on with molded soap inside. Leave your soap in the oven over night, or for 24 hours… If you have to use your oven find somewhere out of the way to store your molded soap…
10. After 24 hours your soap should be ready to remove from the mold and cut… Cut the soap as you would like… then place on a tray or pan to cure for 4-8 weeks longer makes a harder bar.
11. When cleaning up your bucket and other equipment after making soap, wipe everything down with paper that you can put into your trash, paper towels or old newspaper, anything to remove all of the soap batter…
If you put soap batter down your drain it could become soap in your drain and close off your drain pipe plugging up your plumbing.
Soap Related Posts
Learn To Make Bar Soap
Learn To Make Liquid Soap
Learn To Make Kitchen Soap
Make Your Own Non-Toxic Whipped Shea Butter
How Soap Can Be Good And Bad For You
Real Soap Is Non-Toxic When Made With Natural Ingredients
Why Handmade Soaps Can Be Toxic!
Lotions & Creams Another Word For Perfume
The Prepared Bloggers Network is at it again! We’re glad you’ve found us, because the month of April is all about homesteading.
Homesteading is a lifestyle of self-sufficiency. It is characterized by growing your own food, home preservation of foodstuffs, and it may even involve the small scale production of textiles, clothing, and craftwork for household use or sale. Most importantly homesteading is not defined by where someone lives, such as the city or the country, but by the lifestyle choices they make.
The Prepared Bloggers are passionate about what they do and they each have their own way of achieving self-sufficiency. Grab your favorite drink and enjoy reading about the 30 Ways of Homesteading!
Crops on the Homestead
Straw Bale Gardening from PreparednessMama
Crop Rotation for the Backyard Homesteader from Imperfectly Happy
Benefits of Growing Fruit from SchneiderPeeps
Succession Planting: More Food in the Same Space from 104 Homestead
Crops to Grow for Food Storage from Grow A Good Life
Winter Gardening Series from Our Stoney Acres
How To Build a Raised Garden Bed For Under $12 from Frugal Mama and The Sprout
How to Save Carrot Seeds from Food Storage and Survival
Animals on the Homestead
Getting Your Bees Started from Game and Garden
Homesteading How-To: Bees from Tennessee Homestead
How to Get Ready for Chicks from The Homesteading Hippy
Selecting a Goat Breed for Your Homestead from Chickens Are a Gateway Animal
Adding New Poultry and Livestock from Timber Creek Farm
Beekeeping 101: 5 Things To Do Before Your Bees Arrive from Home Ready Home
How to Prepare for Baby Goats from Homestead Lady
How to Prevent and Naturally Treat Mastitis in the Family Milk Cow from North Country Farmer
Tips to Raising Livestock from Melissa K. Norris
Raising Baby Chicks – Top 5 Chicken Supplies from Easy Homestead
Making the Homestead Work for You – Infrastructure
Ways to Homestead in a Deed Restricted Community from Blue Jean Mama
Building a Homestead from the Ground Up from Beyond Off Grid
DIY Rainwater Catchment System from Survival Prepper Joe
Finding Our Homestead Land from Simply Living Simply
I Wish I Was A Real Homesteader by Little Blog on the Homestead
Endless Fencing Projects from Pasture Deficit Disorder
Essential Homesteading Tools: From Kitchen To Field from Trayer Wilderness
Homesteading Legal Issues from The 7 P’s Blog
Why We Love Small Space Homesteading In Suburbia from Lil’ Suburban Homestead
Preserving and Using the Bounty from the Homestead
How to Dehydrate Corn & Frozen Vegetables from Mom With a Prep
How to Make Soap from Blue Yonder Urban Farms
How to Render Pig Fat from Mama Kautz
How to Make Your Own Stew Starter from Homestead Dreamer
Why You Should Grow and Preserve Rhubarb! from Living Life in Rural Iowa
It’s a Matter of Having A Root Cellar…When You Don’t Have One from A Matter of Preparedness